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Livelihoods, basic services and social protection in north-western Pakistan

Working papers

This paper synthesises and assesses evidence from the existing literature on poverty and livelihoods, access to basic services and social protection, and aid and its governance in conflict-affected areas of Pakistan, particularly the north-western province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and the Federally Administrative Tribal Areas (FATA). More specifically, it focuses on a number of important questions, including: 

  • How have crises affected the livelihoods, well-being and access to services of people in KP and FATA?
  • What has the formal institutional response looked like (of both domestic and external actors), and how effective has it been in supporting and rebuilding damaged livelihoods?
  • What is the role of markets in shaping people’s livelihoods, and how have crises affected local economic activity?

Where appropriate, special attention is also paid to the question ofevidence: in addition to its extent, what is the quality of the evidencebase? How robust are studies and are they ‘good enough’ to informdecision-making?

Babar Shahbaz, Qasim Ali Shah, Abid Q. Suleri, Steve Commins and Akbar Ali Malik