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Gender Equality and Social Inclusion

Explore our latest analysis on gender equality and social inclusion during the 16 Days of Activism to End GBV
Image credit:#8M International Women's Day march in Santiago, 2022. Image credit: Emilie Tant

Is no space safe? Working together to end gender-based violence in the public sphere

This briefing covers the pervasive nature of GBV in the public sphere across four different spaces, making the connections between gender norms and male violence, with suggestions on how to work together to move from allyship to action.

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Social movements map

Icebergs and blackholes: the stories of femicide in Mexico

This new ALIGN blog explores the reality of femicide in Mexico to mark the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.

Read here
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From allyship to action: how men can step up to end violence against women

This ODI Public Dialogue deepens conversations around men's role in driving change. We hear from men who are already leading, speaking out and designing policy to end male violence.
Watch here

Advancing Learning and Innovation on Gender Norms (ALIGN)

ALIGN brings together global research on gender norms to share lessons for transformative change. Our platform enables a community of researchers and thought leaders to understand patriarchal gender norms, sharing knowledge on key drivers of change.

Visit the ALIGN website

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Global feminist experiences of mobilising for norm change

Hear directly from those on the frontlines of feminist movements in this ALIGN Briefing about the main barriers and enablers to organising, and lessons for ways forward.
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Feminist social movements map

This interactive global map features leading women's organisations and feminist collectives taking action to change gender norms. It highlights those groups working across their global and regional contexts on: Climate, Violence, LGBTQI+ rights, Political power and Economic empowerment.

Explore the ALIGN map
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More on social movements

Women’s movements are advancing reproductive rights and gender justice. But traditional funders are missing a big opportunity to invest in their work.

How to partner with feminist movements

A breakdown of the what, why and how of feminist funding, to promote building solidarity with those leading social change.

Read the ODI policy brief
A protest on International Women’s Day 2020 in the northern Chilean town of Antofagasta. Feminist marches took place all over the country organised by local women’s groups.

Women's organisations and feminist mobilisation

This ODI Briefing note and infographic walks through what women's movements have achieved for gender equality and how they can be better supported by funders.
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Reproductive justice and women's economic empowerment

When women and LGBTQ+ communities have access to the reproductive healthcare they need, society stands to gain significantly from their economic contributions.

Gender & Adolescence: Global Evidence

GAGE is the largest global study on adolescents, following 20,000 girls and boys in developing countries to understand what works to enhance adolescent capabilities and empowerment.

Visit GAGE website

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Institutional misogyny is a threat to reproductive justice everywhere

ODI Insights with expert analysis from guest author Evelyne Opondo (Director of ICRW Africa) and Caroline Harper.

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Gender norms

Gender norms and stigma are some of the biggest barriers to change. As a root cause of gender inequality, good policy must target longer term shifts around patriarchal social norms.

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Roe vs. Wade

Commentary and analysis on the issues at the heart of the Roe vs. Wade case.
Read our insights here

Gender norms and social media

For International Women’s Day 2022, ALIGN launched a 2-part research series to understand if social media is changing gender norms, and if so, how? Together these reports tackle the patriarchal bias in the back-end of digital platforms, and the power of women's online activism.

Read the ALIGN reports
From the ALIGN report: Hashtags, memes and selfies: Can social media and online activism shift gender norms?

The team

How we work

  • Gender norms

    We identify the drivers of discriminatory gender norms and most effective routes to change. Our flagship ALIGN research proposes evidence-informed pathways to gender justice through understanding the informal rules that influence gender relations through sexist attitudes and behaviours, and key drivers of transformation. We focus on the role of media and political representation, the power of social movements and positive masculinities.

  • Intersectionality

    An intersectional approach guides our research, particularly on issues of class, age, race and ethnicity, (dis)ability, sexual orientation and gender identity. We explore how differing oppressions intersect with gender norms to affect experience, life chances and realisation of rights. Our focus is on the norms, practices, structures and institutions that intersect with one another to contribute to marginalisation and inequality.

  • Political voice and leadership

    Our work on political voice and leadership explores pathways and barriers to equal participation in political space. This includes in leadership roles, at decision-making tables and within social movements. We consider how gender norms limit women’s political power and exacerbate their exposure to gendered violence in public life, proposing policy strategies for change.

  • Economic empowerment

    Our analysis on youth skills, women’s employment and the care economy has informed donors, governments and international policy processes. Focusing on women’s economic empowerment from adolescence to adulthood, we provide evidence on what works for skills development and access to productive assets; credit and decent employment; expansion of land rights; and shifting social norms to enhance women’s financial inclusion.

  • Education

    Through examining how formal and informal education contributes to girls’ skills and wider agency in making life decisions, we identify practices and innovative approaches to enhance gender equality. This includes reducing financial barriers to education, curriculum reform, and teacher training. We also present ways to mitigate threats to girls’ education in conflict-affected contexts, with strategies to combat gender-based violence in schools.

  • Health and well-being

    Research on gender and health spans sexual and reproductive health, maternal and child health, neglected tropical diseases as well as sexual and gender-based violence. Our growing work on gender, mental health and psychosocial well-being adds depth and nuance to an area traditionally dominated by biomedical approaches, also exploring the social determinants of mental ill-health.

  1. Supporting resilience among young people at risk of child abuse in Ethiopia: The role of social system alignment

    Journal issue/article

  2. ‘The School Was Closed, So When They Brought Me A Husband I Couldn’t Say No’: Exploring the Gendered Experiences of Child Marriage Amongst Adolescent Girls and Boys in Ethiopia

    Journal issue/article

  3. Intersecting barriers to adolescents’ educational access during COVID-19: Exploring the role of gender, disability and poverty

    Journal issue/article

  4. Social norms and behaviour change approaches to challenge FGM and child marriage in Mali

    Literature reviews

  5. Is no space safe? Working to end gender-based violence in the public sphere

    Briefing/policy papers

  6. Improving menstrual health literacy through life-skills programming in rural Ethiopia

    Journal issue/article

  7. Agency and empowerment for adolescent girls: an intentional approach to policy and programming

    Journal issue/article

  8. Participatory research with adolescents and youth in the Middle East: a toolkit to explore how crises shape young people’s well-being


  9. Crisis within crisis: the psychosocial toll of Lebanon’s economic and political turmoil on Syrian refugee adolescents

    Research reports

  10. Disrupted educational pathways: the effects of conflict on adolescent educational access and learning in war-torn Ethiopia

    Journal issue/article

  11. Adolescent girls’ and boys’ experiences of violence: evidence from Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence (GAGE)

    Briefing/policy papers

  12. Adolescents in the abyss of Lebanon’s worst economic crisis: a focus on Lebanese and Palestinian adolescents’ education, and voice and agency

    Research reports

  13. Sexual and reproductive health and rights in the era of COVID-19: a qualitative study of the experiences of vulnerable urban youth in Ethiopia

    Journal issue/article

  14. UNICEF Jordan’s Makani programme: supporting students, building resilience

    Briefing/policy papers

  15. Exploring the patterning and drivers of FGM/C and child marriage in pastoralist Ethiopia: Baseline report from Afar and Somali regions

    Research reports

  16. Fast-tracking progress towards eliminating FGM/C and child marriage in pastoralist Ethiopia: priorities for policy and programming

    Briefing/policy papers

  17. From allyship to action: how men can step up to end violence against women


  18. Normes sociales et changement de comportement autour des MGF et du mariage des enfants au Mali

    Literature reviews

Elsewhere on the web