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Gender Equality and Social Inclusion

Explore our latest analysis on gender equality and social inclusion as part of the 77th UN General Assembly.
Image credit:#8M International Women's Day march in Santiago, 2022. Image credit: Emilie Tant

ODI at UNGA 77

We can't tackle today's biggest global challenges without paying attention to more than half the world’s population. That's why, during this month's UN General Assembly (UNGA), ODI is highlighting some of the latest analysis from our Gender Equality and Social Inclusion team to unlock deeper change.

Institutional misogyny is a threat to reproductive justice everywhere

ODI Insights with expert analysis from guest author Evelyne Opondo (Director of ICRW Africa) and Caroline Harper.

Read here
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Advancing Learning and Innovation on Gender Norms (ALIGN)

ALIGN brings together global research on gender norms to share lessons for transformative change. Our platform enables a community of researchers and thought leaders to understand patriarchal gender norms, sharing knowledge on key drivers of change.

Visit the ALIGN website

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How to partner with feminist movements

A breakdown of the what, why and how of feminist funding, to promote building solidarity with those leading social change.

Read the ODI policy brief
A protest on International Women’s Day 2020 in the northern Chilean town of Antofagasta. Feminist marches took place all over the country organised by local women’s groups.

More on social movements

Women’s movements are advancing reproductive rights and gender justice. But traditional funders are missing a big opportunity to invest in their work.

Feminist social movements map

This interactive global map features leading women's organisations and feminist collectives taking action to change gender norms. It highlights some of the inspiring themes and groups working across their global and regional contexts.

Explore the ALIGN map
Feminist social movements map

Women's organisations and feminist mobilisation

This ODI Briefing note and infographic walks through what women's movements have achieved for gender equality and how they can be better supported by funders.
Read more

Reproductive justice and women's economic empowerment

When women and LGBTQ+ communities have access to the reproductive healthcare they need, society stands to gain significantly from their economic contributions.

Period activism: how art and social media inspire feminist change

Guest blog author Ipsita Divedi writes for ALIGN from Delhi about her experiences as a feminist illustrator and artivist in India, working with social media as a tool to inspire transformative change in reproductive gender norms.

Read Ipsita's blog

ALIGN/Ipsita Divedi: Digital comic strip with story on period activism
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Roe vs. Wade

Commentary and analysis on the issues at the heart of the Roe vs. Wade case.
Read our insights here

Gender norms

Gender norms and stigma are some of the biggest barriers to change. As a root cause of gender inequality, good policy must target longer term shifts around patriarchal social norms.

Gender norms and social media

For International Women’s Day 2022, ALIGN launched a 2-part research series to understand if social media is changing gender norms, and if so, how? Together these reports tackle the patriarchal bias in the back-end of digital platforms, and the power of women's online activism.

Read the ALIGN reports
From the ALIGN report: Hashtags, memes and selfies: Can social media and online activism shift gender norms?

The team

How we work

  • Gender norms

    We identify the drivers of discriminatory gender norms and most effective routes to change. Our flagship ALIGN research proposes evidence-informed pathways to gender justice through understanding the informal rules that influence gender relations through sexist attitudes and behaviours, and key drivers of transformation. We focus on the role of media and political representation, the power of social movements and positive masculinities.

  • Intersectionality

    An intersectional approach guides our research, particularly on issues of class, age, race and ethnicity, (dis)ability, sexual orientation and gender identity. We explore how differing oppressions intersect with gender norms to affect experience, life chances and realisation of rights. Our focus is on the norms, practices, structures and institutions that intersect with one another to contribute to marginalisation and inequality.

  • Political voice and leadership

    Our work on political voice and leadership explores pathways and barriers to equal participation in political space. This includes in leadership roles, at decision-making tables and within social movements. We consider how gender norms limit women’s political power and exacerbate their exposure to gendered violence in public life, proposing policy strategies for change.

  • Economic empowerment

    Our analysis on youth skills, women’s employment and the care economy has informed donors, governments and international policy processes. Focusing on women’s economic empowerment from adolescence to adulthood, we provide evidence on what works for skills development and access to productive assets; credit and decent employment; expansion of land rights; and shifting social norms to enhance women’s financial inclusion.

  • Education

    Through examining how formal and informal education contributes to girls’ skills and wider agency in making life decisions, we identify practices and innovative approaches to enhance gender equality. This includes reducing financial barriers to education, curriculum reform, and teacher training. We also present ways to mitigate threats to girls’ education in conflict-affected contexts, with strategies to combat gender-based violence in schools.

  • Health and well-being

    Research on gender and health spans sexual and reproductive health, maternal and child health, neglected tropical diseases as well as sexual and gender-based violence. Our growing work on gender, mental health and psychosocial well-being adds depth and nuance to an area traditionally dominated by biomedical approaches, also exploring the social determinants of mental ill-health.

  1. Supporting resilience among young people at risk of child abuse in Ethiopia: The role of social system alignment

    Journal issue/article

  2. ‘The School Was Closed, So When They Brought Me A Husband I Couldn’t Say No’: Exploring the Gendered Experiences of Child Marriage Amongst Adolescent Girls and Boys in Ethiopia

    Journal issue/article

  3. Intersecting barriers to adolescents’ educational access during COVID-19: Exploring the role of gender, disability and poverty

    Journal issue/article

  4. Agency and Empowerment for Adolescent Girls: An Intentional Approach to Policy and Programming

    Journal issue/article

  5. Institutional misogyny is a threat to reproductive justice everywhere

  6. Women's organisations and feminist mobilisation: supporting the foundational drivers of gender equality

    Briefing/policy papers

  7. Combattre les normes de genre autour de l’E/MGF et du mariage des enfants au Mali


  8. 'Each one of us has a dream': gender-responsive education and economic empowerment for refugee youth in Lebanon

    Research reports

  9. Youth economic security, skills and empowerment in Jordan

    Research reports

  10. How to partner with feminist movements for transformative change

    Briefing/policy papers

  11. ‘When I play football with my friends … there is no time that I feel sad’: an exploration of adolescents’ friendship networks in Ethiopia

    Journal issue/article

  12. Supporting adolescent mental health in humanitarian settings: To what extent do interventions consider climate change and its intersectional impacts?

    Journal issue/article

  13. Hashtags, memes and selfies: Can social media and online activism shift gender norms?

    Research reports

  14. Hidden in plain sight: how social media infrastructure shapes gender norms

    Research reports

  15. Making the “Unthinkable” Thinkable: Fostering Sustainable Development for Youth in Ethiopia’s Lowlands

    Journal issue/article

  16. Climate Risks and Truncated Opportunities: How Do Environmental Challenges Intersect with Economic and Social Disadvantages for Rohingya Adolescents in Bangladesh?

    Journal issue/article

  17. Teaching and learning for life skills development: Insights from Rwanda’s 12+ programme for adolescent girls

    Journal issue/article

  18. Mental health and psychosocial well-being among adolescents in Viet Nam

    Research reports

Elsewhere on the web