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Including refugee learners in national education systems

Research reports

Written by Rachel Marcus, Susan Nicolai, Carmen Leon-Himmelstine, Shelby Carvalho, Asma Zubairi, Ruth Rodas-Kamminga

Image credit:© UNICEF/UNI406800/Mawa

This UNICEF-commissioned report 'Including refugee learners in national education systems' identifies key factors that underpin effective inclusion of refugee learners in national education systems and outlines barriers to achieving this goal.

Based on an in-depth review of global evidence and literature and interviews with key stakeholders in refugee education, the report highlights key findings, including the importance of:

  • Government leadership and coordination efforts
  • Effective international cooperation
  • Awareness of policies and guidance with education systems
  • Capacity to support refugee inclusion.

The report presents in-depth country case studies from Ecuador and Rwanda, providing information on diverse regional and country frameworks relating to educational inclusion.

The Rwanda case study suggests that refugee inclusion in education can be achieved with a broad orientation towards inclusion and non-discrimination, even in the absence of specific policies and strategies focused on refugees.

The Ecuador case study emphasizes that positive policies do not always filter down to those with responsibility to implement them and highlights the importance of efforts to ensure that teachers, school administrators and district-level staff are aware of new policies and have the capacity to enact them.