This is an analysis of the impact of organic and fair trade certification on banana producers and organisations in a relatively disadvantaged area of Peru. The study explores how relatively small-scale farmers – organised into associations – can benefit from niche markets. Higher input costs are more than offset by significantly higher prices obtained by accessing high-value export markets. The role of associations in supporting individual farmers is highlighted. Agricultural labour conditions on banana plantations are not explored in this analysis.
Jodie Keane with Alberto Lemma and Jane Kennan based on an original study by Alan Fairlie Reinoso