Climate change is happening, and it is having profound impacts on social and ecological systems. Governments and communities across the world, particularly those in developing contexts, are taking action to adapt and become more climate resilient. Some of these countries – such as small island developing states (SIDS) – are uniquely vulnerable to climate change.
It is critical that these adaptation and resilience-building measures are monitored to ensure key outcomes are achieved. This is particularly important for those developing country governments making the case for financing, as well as the international climate institutions mandated to provide funding. SIDS, especially, often lack the human, financial and technological resources to make their systems more adaptive and resilient, report fully on the progress they have made, or generate prospects for further funding.
In the past two decades, a wealth of measurement ideas, tools and metrics have emerged to understand and track progress on adaptation and resilience. This annotated bibliography provides a summary of 45 resources from policy and academic contexts which outline these recent advances.
The bibliography was produced to inform negotiators and technical advisors developing the framework for the Paris Agreement’s Global Goal on Adaptation, but it is also useful for climate practitioners more broadly – especially those working in the contexts of SIDS.
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