Our Programmes



Sign up to our newsletter.

Follow ODI

Five steps to smarter multi-bi aid: a new way forward for earmarked finance

Research report

Written by Nilima Gulrajani

Research report

Multi-bi aid – donor contributions to multilateral organisations earmarked for specific purposes – is an important channel for financing development, and is expected to grow. Yet multi-bi aid poses significant challenges for both multilateral and bilateral actors, including lack of alignment with recipient-country priorities, aid fragmentation, and increased transaction costs. This report explores the potential for smart reforms of multi-bi aid.

A five-step plan to improve multi-bi aid requires:

  • better data-access and management;
  • recovering the full economic cost of earmarking;
  • fee structures for improving impact;
  • stronger internal rules to curb fragmentation; and
  • better country ownership and participation.

These reforms can make multi-bi aid more effective and efficient while enhancing its legitimacy in the eyes of recipients.

Bernhard Reinsberg