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Think Change episode 33: the forgotten crisis – what next for Nagorno-Karabakh?

Written by Sara Pantuliano, Siranush Sargysan, Geoffrey Robertson, Lara Setrakian


The world today is grappling with a multitude of conflicts, each of which receive different levels of global attention.

In this episode, we shine a spotlight on a deeply under-reported humanitarian crisis in Nagorno-Karabakh (also known as Artsakh), situated in the South Caucasus. Historically predominantly inhabited by Armenians, Nagorno-Karabakh falls within the internationally recognised borders of Azerbaijan.

On September 19, 2023, after decades of simmering tension and warfare, Azerbaijan launched an offensive against the ethnic Armenian population of Nagorno-Karabakh. This offensive came after more than nine months of a complete blockade imposed by Azerbaijan, resulting in the displacement of over 100,000 ethnic Armenians. Prominent experts and humanitarian organisations have condemned this offensive as an act of ethnic cleansing.

This episode delves into the dire humanitarian situation in the region in the wake of these events and explores the future prospects for its ethnic Armenian population.


  • Sara Pantuliano (host), Chief Executive, ODI
  • Lara Setrakian, journalist and Founder, Applied Policy Research Institute of Armenia
  • Geoffrey Robertson, Human Rights barrister and co-head of Doughty Street Chambers
  • Siranush Sargysan, freelance journalist from Nagorno-Karabakh