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Understanding vulnerability and exclusion in Ghana

Research report

Written by Moizza Binat Sarwar, Rebecca Holmes, David Korboe, Alexander Afram, Heiner Salomon

Image credit:Vendors at Tema Station in Accra, Ghana. Jonathan Torgovnik/Getty Images/Images of Empowerment Image license:CC BY-NC 4.0

Understanding the key features of vulnerability and exclusion in Ghana is central to adapting social policy and social protection responses to address the root causes, rather than symptoms, of shock and exclusion. In this study we document and assess the distinct experiences of vulnerability to shock and exclusion in three illustrative areas of Ghana to identify the multidimensional drivers of the two phenomena.

The report provides entry points for covering gaps identified in reaching out to vulnerable and excluded persons in an effective manner.  The aim is to support the development of a definition of vulnerability and exclusion for the context of Ghana, and to support the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Protection (MoGCSP) in locating entry points for covering gaps in three social protection programmes – LEAP, NHIS and DACF for people with disabilities – identified through speaking with people who are enrolled in the programmes, as well as those who meet the eligibility criteria for the programmes but were not enrolled in them.

The underlying research of this report and the publication itself is funded by FCDO.