Our Programmes



Sign up to our newsletter.

Follow ODI

Strengthening taxation and tax auditing of the mining sector: lessons learnt from four West African countries

Briefing/policy papers

Written by Gundula Löffler, Tove Strauss, Bryn Welham

Hero image description: judithkunert_train_bauxite_conakry_2017_guinea.jpg Image credit:Judith Kunert (GIZ)

Many countries in West Africa have large amounts of natural resources, such as gold, bauxite and diamonds. Yet these countries lack the legal framework and administrative capacity needed to share the wealth generated from these resources with the government and the population as a whole. This paper, published by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, examines mining sector taxation in Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, where practices of mining taxation have been introduced at different scales. This paper documents the strengthening of revenue governance in the mining sector among these four countries with the aim of sharing lessons learned more broadly.  

To strengthen mining taxation, the governments of these countries need to:

  • set up a robust and coherent legal and regulatory framework to govern the extractives sector;
  • devise policies that enable sustainable growth of the sector to the benefit of all;
  • and establish effective administrative systems and procedures that ensure that the government retains a fair share of the proceeds from extractive activities that can be invested in its current and future citizens. 
Image credit:Judith Kunert (GIZ)
Gundula Löffler, Tove Strauss and Bryn Welham