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Politics of a national employment guarantee scheme in Nepal: an initial assessment of feasibility

Research report

Written by Daniel Harris, Anna McCord

Research report

This report considers the existing range of programmes offering both employment and social protection in Nepal, including a range of PWPs (including employment-intensive infrastructure programmes (EIIPs)) and also the regional Karnali Employment Programme (KEP).

It explores both domestic and donor-related political economy considerations relating to the provision of social protection through an Employment Guarantee (EG) approach. The extent to which such a reorientation may be desirable and feasible is found to be linked to a variety of factors related to the political economy of reform and the geo-social distribution of poverty and labour in the country.

Three key themes emerged from consultations and a selective review of the relevant literature: domestic drivers of programme proliferation; donors’ own motivations; and the nature of donor–government relations.

Daniel Harris, Anna McCord and Sony KC