This case study looks at the progress achieved in material well-being, education and employment, where Ethiopia has shown particularly strong performance over the past 10 to 15 years. However this transformation is far from complete and a number of challenges remain, not least the depth and breadth of chronic poverty.
A number of key lessons for the Sustainable Development Goals can be drawn from Ethiopia's experience:
- Centering government policy on a single goal - poverty reduction - and taking a multidimensional approach can encourage ministries to work more comprehensively and consistently.
- Integrating social sectors into broader economic planning and high rates of pro-poor spending benefit the economy.
- Long-term planning and a clear division of responsibilities can build the foundation for broader transformation.