This study is one among eight studies commissioned by DFID as part of the Phase One Assessments of the Madhya Pradesh Rural Livelihoods Project (MPRLP). The Overall purpose of the project is to enhance the livelihoods of the poor in tribal dominated districts. The first Phase covers 821 villages in eight districts and is due to be completed in June 2007. The Phase One Assessments have been undertaken with a view to learning lessons from the first phase and identify emerging challenges and opportunities that should be addressed in Phase Two. Each study covers a specific topic and all are listed in Appendix one.