This report has been commissioned by the Commonwealth Secretariat to support their ongoing work on the implementation of the goals of the Paris Declaration. It draws on the data generated by the 2006 and 2008 monitoring surveys, as well as supporting data including evaluations, peer reviews and self-assessments. This gives some indication of the performance and progress of Commonwealth countries (donors and aid-recipients) against the monitoring indicators from the Paris Declaration. The report provides a snapshot of progress amongst Commonwealth members, but in drawing on pre existing material it is not comprehensive. As a result, it is important to be aware when reading this report that:
· Performance (especially amongst donors) is partially driven by the small sample size;
· Countries included in the two monitoring surveys are self-selected and therefore the surveys are not necessarily representative samples of Commonwealth countries. The geographical coverage of recipient countries is particularly skewed with Commonwealth Pacific countries under represented; and
· The existence of methodological issues associated with the Paris Declaration indicators and survey (for example; definitions, use of proxies, information capture and comparison of ex-ante and ex-post data etc). These are highlighted to the reader throughout the report.