This background paper forms part of HPG's study on the growing diversity of official donors in international humanitarian action. Over the past decade, a number of donor governments which are not part of the OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) have become increasingly active in responding to a range of humanitarian crises. India is one of three donors and this paper looks at the nature of this transformation. It looks at the structure of India's relationship with the recipients of its aid as well as its relationship with multilateral donors. This is then placed in the context of brodaer international trends and developing issues.