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Heavy agriculture and light industry in south Indian villages

Book/book chapter

This introductory chapter summarises the main findings about the social impact of the transformative agricultural technologies since the early seventies in one region of northern Tamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu is a rice growing state in south India. The study is of particular interest as Tamil Nadu governments have a long established, distinctive and competitive politics of rural development and welfarist redistribution.


This chapter highlights the findings of the study conducted in the region. It is divided into four sections : firstly, the impact of the Green Revolution; secondly, trends in real incomes and poverty; thirdly, rural industrialisation and finally the rural impact of India’s economic reforms.

Barbara Harriss-White, S. Janakarajan and Diego Colatei