The benefits of investing in water, sanitation and hygiene are clear. Households benefit through a range of health, educational, nutritional and broader livelihood impacts; local, regional and national economies benefit from greater economic activity, spending and investment; and over the longer term, households and economies benefit through greater resilience to climate change and shocks.
So why are governments and their development partners struggling to meet water and sanitation targets? What factors make it difficult to sustain services at scale? And how can policies and plans for delivering and sustaining services to poor people be strengthened in the face of multiple pressures, including climate change?
This book, the outcome of the five-year RiPPLE research programme in Ethiopia, addresses these questions head-on. It explores current international debates on service delivery in rural areas, and reflects on experiences of trying to fast-track research into policy and practice through an action-research approach, based on learning and practice alliances.
Roger Calow, Zemede Abebe and Alan Nicol
Ethiopia’s water resources, policies and institutions
Eva Ludi, Bethel Terefe, Roger Calow and Gulilat Birhane
WASH sector monitoring
John Butterworth, Katharina Welle, Kristof Bostoen and Florian Schaefer
Innovative approaches for extending access to water services: the potential of multiple-use water services and self-supply
Marieke Adank, John Butterworth, Sally Sutton and Zemede Abebe
Sanitation and hygiene promotion in rural communities: the Health Extension Programme
Peter Newborne and Anu Liisanantti
Sustainability of water services in Ethiopia
Nathaniel Mason, Alan MacDonald, Sobona Mtisi, Israel Deneke Haylamicheal and Habtamu Abebe
Water for livelihood resilience, food security and poverty reduction
Josephine Tucker, Zelalem Lema and Samson Eshetu Lemma
Responding to climate variability and change: implications for planned adaptation
Lindsey Jones, Lorraine Coulter, Million Getnet Gebreyes, Beneberu Shimelis Feleke, Naomi Oates, Leulseged Yirgu Gebreamlak and Josephine Tucker
Policy and practice influence through research: critical reflections on RiPPLE’s approach
Josephine Tucker, Ewen Le Borgne and Marialivia Iotti