This paper provides guidance to staff of the World Bank Foreign Investment Advisory Service (FIAS), consultants and others working on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) projects and Value Chain Analysis (VCA). The guidance can be considered as one module within a broader investigation into Value Chain Analysis. It enables the user to conduct a diagnosis, design solutions and quantify the implementation of CSR initiatives, with the aim of enhancing the international competitiveness of firms and/or industrial sectors and promoting inward investment. The guidance is targeted at the industry sector (or sub-sector) level in emerging economies and regions, in relation to international export markets. As well as functioning as a module within broader value chain analysis, the guidance can be used as a free-standing methodology for investigating the contribution of CSR practices to sector competitiveness and inward investment.