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Stability Threats in South Kordofan

Written by Sara Pantuliano

The implementation of the CPA in Southern Kordofan has been subject to numerous delays in many different areas. The most significant delays have been around the formation of the state government and the passing of the state constitution. The lack of genuine integration between the NCP and the SPLM in the state government is the most important outstanding issue in the implementation of the CPA. The administration of former GOS- and SPLM-controlled areas remains separate, and two local government systems are in effect operating in parallel, with separate policies for education (two languages and two systems), health (varying payment systems, definitions of health facilities and of qualified personnel), judicial and policing systems and local government structures (payams and bomas rather than Localities and Administrative Units). The SPLM Secretariats in Kauda are not legally recognised and do not receive funds from the federal or state government, but they de facto set the policies for areas formerly under SPLM control. The lack of integration has fostered the progressive isolation of the former SPLM areas, which have become separate cantonments. Such separation is compounded by the lack of infrastructural support, such as improvement of the Kauda-Kadugli road which would have facilitated communication. Feelings of separation are also common amongst the Misseriyya, notably over the loss of their former regional capital of Western Kordofan, El Fula.