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Social protection responses to forced displacement

Image credit:Graphics by Steven Dickie
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Key findings: social protection responses to forced displacement

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The increase in the total number of forcibly displaced people in the past decade and increasing duration of displacement has stretched the capacity of the humanitarian system to its limits and placed a heavy strain on the communities hosting displaced populations. Low- and middle-income countries host 85% of refugees and almost 100% of internally displaced people.

This has given rise to various initiatives to promote more sustainable and development-orientated solutions, which aim to adequately meet the needs of both displaced populations and their host communities. There is growing interest in the potential for humanitarian assistance to link with national social protection systems – the focus of this project.

The overall aim of this project is to better understand effective mechanisms for the integration of social protection programmes and humanitarian assistance. By providing clearer guidance about when, how and why different forms of integration might be considered, the project will develop the theory, evidence base and operational guidance on how social protection systems and humanitarian systems can work together to meet the needs of those affected by displacement crises, including not only the displaced but vulnerable households in their host communities as well. The research also aims to better understand whether and how a system that works together in this way can improve social cohesion between these groups.

Throughout the research we are guided by the need to provide practical programming and policy guidance to both national actors involved in social protection programming and international actors involved in humanitarian and development programming in situations of displacement.

The research will be grounded in three country contexts with a total of six study sites that present different contexts of displacement and humanitarian response: Greece (Athens and Ioannina), Colombia (Bogotá/Cúcuta) and Cameroon (Far North/East). These sites were selected to represent a spectrum/range of:

  • Displacement contexts, covering both refugee as well as mixed refugee and IDP settings
  • Camp and non-camp settings
  • Rural and urban settings
  • Countries with a range of income and human development levels
  • Highly, moderately and less developed social protection systems.

ODI will work in close partnerships with local research teams in our three study countries:

  1. Centre for Applied Social Sciences Research and Training (CASS-RT) in Cameroon
  2. The School of Government at the University of Los Andes in Colombia
  3. National Centre for Social Research (‘EKKE’) in Greece

Other content

Podcast: Emerging Research on Social Protection in Contexts of Fragility and Displacement

Emerging lessons for scaling up social protection coverage in FCV contexts, drawing upon the combined research of the World Bank and ODI, the OECD and UNHCR.

  1. Linking humanitarian assistance and social protection in response to forced displacement: an analytical framework

    Working papers

  2. Linking social protection and humanitarian assistance: A toolkit to support basic needs and wellbeing in displacement settings

    Toolkit/guidelines

  3. What can existing microdata tell us about transfer receipt among host and displaced populations?

    Working papers

  4. Adjusting social protection delivery to support displaced populations

    Working papers

  5. Key findings: social protection responses to forced displacement

    Other

  6. Social protection responses to forced displacement in Colombia

    Event

  7. Quick wins aren’t the way to coherence between social protection and humanitarian assistance in Cameroon

  8. Basic needs and wellbeing in displacement settings: the role of humanitarian assistance and social protection

    Working papers

  9. Social protection responses to forced displacement in Colombia

    Research reports

  10. Integrating assistance to the displaced into a social protection system in Cameroon. An ideal, but in whose interests?

    Research reports

  11. Humanitarian assistance and social protection in contexts of forced displacement: effects on social cohesion

    Research reports

  12. Linking social protection and humanitarian assistance: A toolkit to support social cohesion in displacement settings

    Toolkit/guidelines

  13. Humanitarian assistance and social protection responses to the forcibly displaced in Greece

    Research reports

  14. Social protection and forcibly displaced people: a literature review

    Literature reviews

  15. ‘Every action counts’: why the humanitarian sector needs to fast-track inclusion

  16. Addressing the protection gap in Greece