The study is a follow-up study to the work carried out by ODI earlier for the National Audit Office. Its aim is to provide a background for the NAO for a management report on the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) engagement with multilateral organisations. This report is therefore not meant to assess the performance of the countries studied. It is rather meant to provide insight on how other bilateral donors go about formulating their policy and engagement with multilaterals (and the EU, where appropriate.) The aim is to try to identify good practice from this albeit limited selection of donors.