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Lessons for Developing Countries from Experience with Technical and Vocational Education and Training

The key objectives for this Study are to review (on the basis of official documents, the French Development Agency (AFD)’s survey in seven African countries on experiences of support to TVSD in the informal sector, including apprenticeships, World Bank studies, ILO policy reviews, academic literature, identification of successful case studies and where necessary new quantitative research) recent trends in TVET with regards to the restructuring of formal and non-formal education systems to ensure relevance of education and training in response to the changing patterns of employment, the needs of the labour market, and the rapid pace of change in technology and communications. The research will particularly focus on identifying challenges and opportunities for low income, fragile and post-conflict countries to help the Government of Sierra Leone in its search for an appropriate demand-driven and good quality TVET system, which will equip more young women and men in the informal economy with skills that will improve their employability in more productive and decent work.

The research will build on previous work undertaken (including by Kingombe) for the 2008 edition of the African Economic Outlook, which provides a snapshot of technical and vocational skills development in 34 African countries, exploring challenges and bottlenecks, highlighting good practices, and identifying priorities for further research.

More specifically the proposed research work will focus on twelve areas, which are all important for devising appropriate TVET strategies in low-income fragile states such as Sierra Leone.


Christian Kingombe

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