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Global China 2049 Initiative

Hero image description: Construction project by Chinese company Coastal Steel Industries, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Image credit:EQRoy/Shutterstock

Our Aims

ODI’s Global China 2049 Initiative provides insight and analysis of China’s evolving geo-economic strategy as the country moves towards its 2049 targets for modernisation and national rejuvenation. This initiative goes beyond the current day to day analysis of China and popular notions of superpower ambitions, economic performance and energy pathways to foster understanding of how China sees the world, not how the world sees China.

We aim to enhance understanding of China’s perspectives and approaches to global challenges and to help identify where interests and values may converge to enhance global development partnerships and inform business and policy decision making.

What are China’s modernisation goals?

The Chinese government set two centenary goals (两个一百年Liang ge yibai nian) to be achieved by 2021 and 2049, marking the centenaries of the Chinese Communist Party and the Republic of China respectively.

  • By 2021, the Chinese government aims ‘to build a moderately prosperous society in all respects’ with an emphasis on targeted poverty reduction and alleviation measures.
  • By 2049, the Chinese government aims to ‘build a modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced and harmonious’.

A New Era

The role of China as a rising global power, an emerging consumer market and an investment opportunity has been widely discussed and documented amongst China watchers, investors and economists for decades. However, under Xi Jinping China has entered a new era with stated ambitions to become a nation with ‘pioneering global influence’ by 2050. China’s ambitions for a new era of influence raise numerous questions around what China’s role in world affairs will be and how it will address complex global challenges and risks. Where the West sees risk, China often sees opportunity; where the West seeks to reinforce existing norms and structures, China is creating new ones.

How China views global risks, the response measures it favours and the values and criteria that underpin China’s approach to international development, humanitarian action, environmental action and conflict resolution have both significant policy and practical relevance. While questions abound, evidence-based analysis remains elusive.

Our Offer

The Global China 2049 Initiative aims to provide in-depth assessment of China’s ideas, approaches and investments to global challenges and risks. We combine expertise in the fields of economics, finance, environment and political risk with an in-depth understanding of China’s domestic policy and external engagements, including in the Global South.

We offer bespoke research, training and advisory services for senior decisionmakers with a vested interest in approaches to and outcomes of global challenges.

Our Latest China Research


For more information about Global China 2049 please contact [email protected]

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  5. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Summit 2022: key takeaways


  6. Risks along the Belt and Road: Chinese investment and infrastructure development in Cambodia

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  7. China to keep a watchful eye on Kazakhstan as political risk heightens


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  9. BRI energy infrastructure in Pakistan: environmental and climate risks and opportunities

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  10. The Belt and Road and Chinese enterprises in Ethiopia: risks and opportunities for development

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  11. Driving a green recovery in developing countries: what role is China playing?

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  12. Pulse 3 – recover, reform,  restructure: China’s outward investment appetite and implications for developing countries

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  13. Economic Pulse 2: China navigates its Covid-19 recovery – outward investment appetite and implications for developing countries

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