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Gender Equality and Social Inclusion

What we do

Exploring challenges and pathways to gender equality and social inclusion through research, partnerships and knowledge exchange.

Read our flagship research on how gender norms change over time and the key drivers of lasting transformation.

Gender, power and progress: how norms change

Read our flagship research on how gender norms change over time and the key pathways to lasting transformation.
Read more

How we work

  • Gender norms

    We identify the drivers of discriminatory gender norms and most effective routes to change. Our flagship ALIGN research proposes evidence-informed pathways to gender justice through understanding the informal rules that influence sexist attitudes and behaviours, the impact on gender relations and key drivers of transformation. We focus on the role of media and political representation, as well as the power of social movements and promoting positive masculinities.

  • Intersectionality

    An intersectional approach guides our research, particularly on issues of class, age, race and ethnicity, (dis)ability, sexual orientation and gender identity. We explore how differing oppressions intersect with gender norms to affect experience, life chances and realisation of rights. Our focus is on the norms, practices, structures and institutions that intersect with one another to contribute to marginalisation and inequality.

  • Political voice and leadership

    Our work on political voice and leadership explores pathways and barriers to equal representation in the political space, including in leadership roles, at decision-making tables and within social movements. We consider the role of gender norms in limiting women’s political power and exacerbating their exposure to gendered violence, proposing strategies for equality in different contexts.

  • Economic empowerment

    Our analysis on youth skills, women’s employment and the care economy has informed donors, governments and international policy processes. With a focus on women’s economic empowerment from adolescence to adulthood, we provide evidence on what works for skills development and access to productive assets; credit and decent employment; access to and control over land; and shifting gender norms that limit women’s financial inclusion.

  • Education

    Through examining how formal and informal education contributes to girls’ skills and wider agency in making life decisions, we identify practices and innovative approaches to enhance gender equality. This includes reducing financial barriers to education, curriculum reform, and teacher training. We also present ways to mitigate threats to girls’ education in conflict-affected contexts, with strategies to combat gender-based violence in schools.

  • Health and well-being

    Research on gender and health spans sexual and reproductive health, maternal and child health, neglected tropical diseases as well as sexual and gender-based violence. Our growing work on gender, mental health and psychosocial well-being adds depth and nuance to an area traditionally dominated by biomedical approaches, also exploring the social determinants of mental ill-health.

Advancing Learning and Innovation on Gender Norms (ALiGN)

ALiGN brings together global research on gender norms to share lessons for transformative change. Our platform enables a community of researchers and thought leaders to understand harmful gender social norms, sharing knowledge on key drivers of change.

Visit the ALiGN website

ALIGN GESI webpage logo.JPG

Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence (GAGE)

A nine-year research programme exploring how to empower adolescent girls through policy and programming. Recent work focuses on six domains of girls' well-being.

Visit the GAGE website

Gage Logo promo webpage Image.JPG

The team

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  1. ‘Some got married, others don’t want to attend school as they are involved in income-generation’: adolescent experiences following covid-19 lockdowns in low- and middle-income countries

    Research reports

  2. ‘People consider us devils’: exploring patterns of exclusion facing adolescents with disabilities in Ethiopia

    Journal issue/article

  3. Empowering adolescents through an integrated programming approach: exploring the effects of UNICEF’s Makani programme on Dom adolescents’ well-being in Jordan

    Briefing/policy papers

  4. Exploring adolescent capabilities among the marginalised Dom community in Jordan

    Research reports

  5. Effective policies and programming to promote adolescent well-being: Lessons from the background papers

    Research reports

  6. Adolescent access to health services in fragile and conflict-affected contexts: The case of the Gaza Strip

    Journal issue/article

  7. Adolescent experiences in Chittagong and Sylhet divisions, Bangladesh

    Research reports

  8. Adolescent well-being in a time of crisis: assessing SDG progress during covid-19 and priorities for a resilient recovery for adolescents and youth

    Briefing/policy papers

  9. Adolescent well-being in the time of covid-19

    Research reports

  10. How to maximise the impacts of cash transfers for vulnerable adolescents in Jordan

    Research reports

  11. Generation Equality Forum: how to shift power for a gender-just world

  12. Intersecting exclusions: displacement and gender-based violence among people with diverse sexualities and gender identities in Kenya

    Literature reviews

  13. Data, tools and measurement: guide to recent resources


  14. Human rights education in humanitarian settings: opportunities and challenges


  15. Agency and empowerment for adolescent girls beyond Covid-19


  16. Sisterhood and beyond: keeping up momentum on feminist change


  17. Impact of Covid-19 on adolescent mental health in Viet Nam and Tanzania

    Working papers

  18. World Food Programme cash assistance in Lebanon: social cohesion between Syrian refugees and host communities

    Research reports

Elsewhere on the web